Cavities are one of the most common problems dealt with by dentists. Anyone can get a cavity, even small children and they can be very painful if left untreated. Untreated cavities can also lead to an abscess and even nerve infection, along with significant discomfort and loss of teeth. Luckily, cavities can be prevented from…
How Is Dental Sealant Used?
Looking for Dental Sealant information? Many children get dental sealants to protect their primary teeth from cavities and prevent premature loss. Sealants are also used on the children’s permanent teeth as soon as they emerge to protect them from decay. Continue reading to find out how dental sealants are used.
The use of dental sealants
The back teeth, which are the molars and premolars, have a unique structure of ridges and cusps. The cusps and ridges are designed to be efficient for chewing and grinding food for easy swallowing and digestion. Unfortunately, the surface structures of the molars and premolars also create a hiding spot for plaque, bacteria, food particles, and acids that contribute to tooth decay. To protect the back teeth, a dentist will apply a thin layer of dental sealant material over the chewing surfaces for an extra layer of protection for the tooth enamel.
Dental sealants are more efficient if they are used on the molars and premolars as soon as they emerge. Therefore, most people who have dental sealants get them between the ages of six and 16. This is when the permanent teeth start erupting and when children are more prone to getting cavities. Usually, the first molars appear between six and seven, premolars between 10 and 12, and the second molars often emerge between 11 and 13.
However, if the child has a high risk of cavities, dental sealants can preserve their baby teeth. For older children and adults, dental sealants can be used if their back teeth are still in good condition. Also, if a patient is prone to tooth decay, and the dentist needs to check the spread of tooth decay, they may apply a dental sealant.
How dental sealants are applied
After the dentist determines that the patient is eligible for dental sealants, they can proceed with the application immediately. The entire process is usually painless and non-invasive. No drilling is required with dental sealants, and the material blends well with the color of the teeth.
First, they will clean and dry the tooth surface that will receive the sealant. They may use cotton or dental dam to keep the area dry. They will apply a thin layer of the sealant in liquid form over the surface of the teeth. After uniform application, they will harden the material with a special light.
After application, the tooth’s surface will have the protection of sealants and will be smooth. This will make it easier to clean the ridges of the teeth when brushing. With proper care, dental sealants can be effective for about 10 years. Reapplication can be done if it starts to deteriorate.
The advantage of using dental sealants
Since most cases of cavities affect the molars and premolars, dental sealants can protect these teeth and reduce the need for dental procedures such as fillings and crowns down the line. Good oral health is undoubtedly important for your overall health. Preventing oral issues such as tooth decay has its benefits, not just for your oral health, but also for your overall wellbeing.
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